JAMSHORO: Sindh University Vice-Chancellor Prof Dr AbidaTaherani has said that there is dire need that research conducted in developing countries, including Pakistan, must be given a due positive recognition at global level, there should be some concrete efforts developing the theories which are universalized and acceptable with lesser resistance.
She said social sciences played a significant role in socio-economic development of any country and it was equally important for developing social norms as well as in reducing socio-economic inequality within the society adding that social science subjects taught and promoted humanity.
She said this while presenting her research paper titled ‘Modern trends in social sciences, special focus on Pakistan’ at the International Conference on Trends in Social Sciences & Humanities (TSSH-2015) held in Bali, Indonesia under the auspicious of Emirates Research Publishing (ERPUB) and Emirates Association of Arts and Management Professionals.
The key objective of International Conference on Trends in Social Sciences and Humanities (TSSH-2015) is to provide a platform to researchers, professionals, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in Humanities and Social Sciences. The conference provided opportunities for the delegates to exchange new ideas and application experiences face to face, establish business or research relations and find global partners for future collaboration.
Vice-Chancellor Dr. Taherani said that there were many trends in social sciences. “New directions and dimensions are always desirable for sustainable developments; developing countries are different than developed countries. In developed world special attention is paid to Social Science subjects. Developing countries lesser amounts are reserved for developments of social science subjects”, said Dr. Taherani.
She said the subjects of social sciences were of subjectivity nature; therefore, trends did vary from one region to the other adding that‘Pakistan is considered as developing country whilesocial science field was considered lesser important than physical science subjects’. “Inmy paper, attempt has been made to analyze the various trends with special focus on Pakistan”, the vice chancellor maintained.
She said “in the developing world including Pakistan the research which has lesser economic personal benefits is considered of no use. Engineering, medical, business and information technology subjects are considered as hot cakes than social science disciplines. Unfortunately, in developing world social status is attached with the fields and degrees”, she said adding that engineer or doctor is the symbol of status even though they are not as much profitable as some disciplines in social science.
Even at government levels the grants are granted on the basis of the immediate results of the projects and its wider immediate utility. As a result since last decade huge money was spent on the graduates opting for physical science subjects. Even this trend is found quite vivid in Pakistan where all emphasis is on practical research. As a result, social science could not get the much importance for developing theories at its own, Dr. Taherani said.
The researchers in Pakistan run behind the theories which are created and tested in Western countries. But the projects are started and executed in this part of world. As a result, the theories used in the projects do not necessarily support the main results of the projects. That is the main barrier expanding the fruits of research to wider community, she added.
Dr. AbidaTaherani said that the utility and compability of the research in developing countries clearly varied as per prevalent socio-economic conditions and suitability of research activity. “Some research undertaken in these countries can be tackling pressing needs, while other research may not be doing so. Even though most of the developing countries depend on the global pool of the research but there is a dire need to conducting research keeping in mind the particular country needs”, she maintained.
“Some socio-economic problems without any specific solutions are needed to be researched with local approach. There is also a need that social science research may be supported and its results are implemented to the local community level,” she said.
Director SU Area Study Centre Dr. HamadullahKakepoto also participated in the conference and presented his research paper on the occasion.