KARACHI: Head of Cancer Unit, Civil Hospital Karachi, Dr Noor Mohammad Soomro, on Tuesday revealed that mouth cancer cases are on the rise in Sindh province, especially in urban areas due to excessive use of tobacco products.
He said mouth cancer cases are more common in the province due to rising trend of chewing chalia, paan, gutka, smoking cigarettes, sheesha and other tobaccos substance. He said hormonal imbalance is a major contributing factor in incidents of breast cancer which are generally common in women.
He said Cancer Unit at CHK had provided services to 100,062 cancer patients from 2004 to June 2015, while registered 8,733 new cancer patients. He said: “We have registered 687 cancer patients in 2004, 630 in 2005, 594 in 2006, 689 in 2007, 750 in 2008, 738 in 2009, 724 in 2010, 692 in 2011, 1,172 in 2012, 829 in 2013, 795 and 433 till June 2015.”
Dr Soomro said the breakup of top 10 districts with majority of cancer cases is as: 5,952 cases were reported from Karachi, 280 from Hyderabad, 169 Khairpur, 151 from Lasbella, 125 from Larkana, 98 from Mirpurkhas, 95 from Badin, 59 from Dadu, 80 from Nawabshah and 74 from Ghotki.
As per community base, 2,747 cancer cases were reported from Sindhi community at Cancer Unit, 2,395 from Urdu speaking, 751 from Balochi, 605 from Pashto, 553 from Punjabi, 275 from Memonai, 178 from Hindko, 193 from Gujrati, 164 from Kachhi and 147 Siraiki, he added.
He said chemotherapy of patients performed from 2009 to 2015 are as 1,889 in 2009, 1,706 in 2010, 2,447 in 2011, 2,353 in 2012, 2,610 in 2013, 3,706 in 2014 and 1,353 in 2015
He informed that 1200 chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) is also registered in Cancer Unit, out of which 41 percent were women while 59 percent were men. He further said CML is a disease of the blood and bone marrow that results when there is a cancerous transformation of a stem cell. Stem cells are like seeds in the bone marrow that mature into any of the three major blood cells – white blood cells (WBCs), red blood cells (RBCs) or platelets.
He said Cancer Unit of CHK offers all cancer treatment facilities including detection, medicines, diagnostic and treatment to patients free of cost.
According to an estimated report, around 0.2 million people become cancer patient in Pakistan every year, out of which 25,000 to 30,000 are reported from Sindh province.