KARACHI: In-charge, Outpatient Department (OPD), Sindh Government Children Hospital North Karachi, Dr Imtiaz Ahmed said slightly dip in temperature has increased the cases of pneumonia and other seasonal diseases and parents must adopt precautionary measures to save their children from these diseases.
Talking to PPI, Dr Imtiaz said World Health Organization (WHO) in its recent report had declared pneumonia and diarrhea a big challenge for the world, as the cases of these two diseases were increasing day by day at global level. He said pneumonia cases are generally reported in winter season, while diarrhea cases surface in summer or hot weather.
He said pneumonia is a serious and potentially fatal viral infection of lungs. He said first 72 hours is very important for survival of pneumonia affected children and the parents must approach a specialist at the stage of early symptoms. He said shortness of breath, fever and cough are some of the symptoms of pneumonia.
Dr Imtiaz informed that cases of children with seasonal diseases are increasing day by day in his hospital OPD after change in weather. He said around 700 to 900 children are brought to different OPDs of the hospital and majority of them suffer from the seasonal diseases like respiratory infections, asthma, pneumonia, seborrheic dermatitis, throat infection and skin issues.
He said children are most vulnerable to the seasonal diseases due to their incomplete and weak immune system. He said special precautionary measures have been needed to prevent children from these diseases in winter. He said proper breastfeeding and appropriate clothing of children can prevent them from the seasonal diseases.
He said course of preventative vaccination started by Expended Program on Immunization (EPI) is necessary for every child to prevent them from various diseases. He said proper awareness of mothers about children health would help to avoid risk of developing different diseases and also reduce the deaths ratio due to these ailments.
He stressed the need of promoting breastfeeding as a strong immune system of babies can protect them from several diseases. He said two-year continuous breastfeeding of children can prevent them from many diseases.