Karachi: Professor of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University (AKU), Dr Muhammad Wasay on Monday said 80 million people are suffering from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and 2000 people die from preventable NCDs every day in Pakistan.
He expressed these views during a media briefing on National Health Sciences Research Symposium on non-communicable diseases (like, cardiac diseases, stroke, asthma, diabetes, etc.) held at AKU. Co-Chair, Organising Committee and Senior Instructor, AKU School of Nursing and Midwifery Ms Saima Sachwani was also present.
Dr Wasay said more than 70 percent deaths occur due to NCD disease like hypertension, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease & dyslipidemia, mental health & depression, stroke, injuries & trauma, tobacco abuse, chronic respiratory diseases and chronic kidney diseases, while 25 to 30 percent deaths reports due infectious disease every year in the country.
He explained that there are 40million cases of high-blood pressure, 8mn diabetics, 18mn high cholesterol, 32mn heart diseases, 24mn obesity, 22mn smoking-related diseases, 20mn chewing tobacco related disorders, 50mn mental health disorder,1m trauma injuries, while estimated annual cases of stroke in Pakistan are 250 per 100,000 population, translating to 350,000 new cases every year (1000 every day) .
He revealed that 800 people die every day due to heart diseases, 400 die from cancer every day, 200 deaths occur due to chronic respiratory diseases, 50 deaths from trauma & RTA per day (70 percent are pedestrians and motorist without helmet) and 400 cases of deaths from stroke are reported daily in the country.
Dr Wasay said 30,000 amputations are made due to DM and trauma per year (100 per day), more than 300,000 patients are on dialysis due to kidney failure, approximately 5,000 to 7,000 people commit suicide annually in Pakistan, while 50,000 to 150,000 cases of attempt to suicide are reported. He said majority of people who commit or attempt suicide are under the age of 30 year.
He informed that if proper steps are initiated soon then NCD related death ratio might be increased by 10 to 15 percent till 2025 in the country. He lamented that government is spending only 1percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) on health, while revenue of tobacco industry is Rs30-40 billion in the country.
He said AKU is organizing three-day first national symposium on NCDs on them “Reducing the Burden of NCDs in Pakistan” from 25 to 27 February 2014 where more than 600 participants expected to attend the event. He said workshop cover the smoking cessation, behavioural counselling, NCD research, sexual health and obesity management etc.