KARACHI: Good governance, and strong and accountable institutions are crucial for poverty reduction and development impact. The International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank’s fund for the poorest, builds the systems that make assistance more effective. IDA works with ministries, agencies, and departments of the executive branch on managing public institutions and finances. On broader governance issues, IDA works with the legislative and judicial branches and other institutions that promote public accountability and greater engagement with society.
As a result, governments become more transparent, more accountable to their citizens, less susceptible to corruption, and better at delivering services. From improving people’s access to the justice system in Honduras to removing “ghost workers” in Malawi, an effective public sector means better services for people and greater citizen participation.
IDA’s emphasis on long-term growth and capacity helps ensure that results are sustained and that countries are on a path where they can fund their own development.
With IDA’s help, hundreds of millions of people have escaped poverty—through the creation of jobs, access to clean water, schools, roads, nutrition, electricity, and more. During the past decade, IDA funding immunized nearly half a billion children, provided access to better water sources for 123 million people, and helped 65 million people receive health services. During the food crisis, we helped get seeds and fertilizers to 8.5 million farm households, cash or food-for-work programs to 1.7 million people, and meals to 923,000 school children.
In Pakistan, submission times were reduced from 23 months to 8 months during 2009–10 for annual financial statements and audit reports to the legislature, for all levels of governments (federal, provincial, and district). PEFA ratings increased from “D+” to a “B,” with audits at all tiers of the government carried out in accordance with Annual financial statements of the federal, provincial, and district governments were prepared and submitted to the auditors within 2 months of the close of fiscal years 2009–10, down from 12 months in fiscal years 2006–07.