Pakistan loses ground in New QS World University Rankings

KARACHI: Four Pakistani institutions make the global top 800 in this year’s QS World University Rankings, but all rank lower than in 2012. The nation’s top institutions, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad drops into the 481-490 group, having ranked 400-451 in 2012. The remaining three Pakistani institutions are all placed in the 701+ group: University of Engineering & Technology (UET) Lahore, University of Karachi and University of Lahore. All three ranked in the 601+ grouping last year.

The rankings compare the world’s top 800 institutions across six criteria covering research, employability, teaching and international outlook. Research included reputational surveys of academics and graduate employers drawing on over 90,000 responses worldwide, the largest of their kind in the world.

Pakistan’s leading universities have started to gain some recognition among international academics and graduate employers, says QS head of research Ben Sowter. The challenge now is to improve student-to-faculty ratios and start producing more highly cited research, while addressing wider areas such as access and infrastructure.

The rankings also feature 11 institutions from India, led by Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD) in 222nd. Bangladesh’s sole representative is University of Dhaka, which appears in the 701+ grouping.

US institution MIT tops the table for the second consecutive year, ahead of Harvard and the UK’s University of Cambridge. The US takes 11 of the top 20 positions, but its dominance has eroded since the financial crisis. Of the 83 US universities in the top 400, 64 rank lower than in 2007/8.

In contrast, 70% of the 62 Asian institutions in the top 400 rank higher than in 2007, but there is still no Asian institution in the top 20.

Since 1990, QS has become established as the world’s leading network for top careers and education. Producers of the QS World University Rankings’s innovative research, events, publications and university solutions provide new ways of bringing universities into contact with the best and brightest students worldwide.

The QS World University Rankings is an annual league table of the top universities in the world and is arguably the best-known and respected ranking of its kind. Compiled by the QS Intelligence Unit in close consultation with an international advisory board of leading academics, the QS World University Rankings is widely referenced by prospective and current students, university professionals and governments worldwide. The purpose of the rankings has been to recognize universities as the multi-faceted organizations they are and to provide a global comparison of their success against the notional mission of remaining or becoming world-class.

Now in their 10th edition, the QS World University Rankings 2013/2014 rank the world’s top 800 universities (out of over 3,000 considered) adding 100+ new universities into the current list of the world’s best institutions.

The QS World University Rankings are based on four key pillars, research, teaching, employability and internationalization and the methodology consists of six indicators: academic reputation (40%), employer reputation (10%), and faculty student ratio (20%), citations per faculty (20%), international students (5%) and international faculty (5%).

This year, 62,094 academic and 27,957 employer responses contributed towards the results, making both surveys the largest of their kind in the world. QS Quacquarelli Symonds is the first compiler of global and regional university rankings. QS World University Rankings has been chosen as one of the new indicators added to The Global Innovation Index 2013 (GII), released on July 1st 2013. The QS ranking is the only ranking of its kind to be used for the study.

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